Ways to relieve hot flushes with menopause
With the tides, many women are familiar during the menopause. And if the attacks of fever for some appear within only a few weeks, then others they torture for years. In addition, the tides are accompanied by other signs: migraines, dizziness. Constant discomfort deprives a full sleep, shakes the nervous system. However, there are tools that help to ease such attacks or even get rid of them and other manifestations associated with hormonal adjustment in menopause.
- The mechanism of hot flushes, symptoms
- Factors that increase tides
- How can tides manifest
- The importance of vitamins and nutrition during menopause
- Treatment for hot flashes, irritability and other manifestations of menopause
The mechanism of hot flushes, symptoms
During menopause in the process of aging, the ovaries cease to produce a sufficient number of female sex hormones, which affects the functioning of the thermoregulatory system. In the regulation of body temperature, the central nervous system and hormones play a major role. Any change in the temperature of the environment is captured by the nerve endings (thermoreceptors) of the skin and internal organs and transmitted to the brain (the center of thermoregulation is located in the hypothalamus).
Hence, with the help of hormones, signals are given that regulate the rate of circulation and metabolism. Normal body temperature is maintained by increasing or decreasing sweating, narrowing or widening of the vessels, contracting or relaxing the muscles. Hormonal failure leads to distortion of signals. Therefore, for no apparent reason, the woman suddenly begins a rush: increased sweating, a feeling of heat in the upper part of the body. In this case, there is an accelerated heartbeat, weakness. Often there is nausea, dizziness, a sense of anxiety. After a few minutes, the heat changes to chill.
Sweating is so strong that you need to change clothes. This state can be repeated several times during the day. If the hot flushes are disturbed by the climax at night, then the woman has insomnia. Absence of a full sleep affects the mood. Irritability and fatigue leads to a decrease in efficiency.
Video: Doctor's advice: ways to relieve tides
Factors that increase tides
The main cause of the appearance of hot flashes with menopause is a change in the hormonal background. Naturally, women come to the treating doctor with questions, whether they will soon have tides, how to get rid of them as soon as possible. As a rule, there is no exact answer. The frequency and intensity of such attacks, as well as of all other manifestations, depend on the characteristics of the body, the emotional state, the way of life.
The force of tidal manifestations is influenced by such factors as:
- ambient temperature (climate of the area, time of year);
- conditions of life and work (tides are worse if the woman is in a poorly ventilated, smoky room);
- eating acute and salty foods, as well as alcoholic drinks and coffee, stimulating the nervous system, stimulating blood circulation, enhancing the release of heat in the body;
- reception of fat-burning drugs for weight loss, enhancing metabolism;
- use during the climax of medical drugs that accelerate blood circulation, increasing pulse and increasing blood pressure;
- strong emotions, stressful situations at home and at work;
- choice of wrong clothes (not by season or from synthetic materials);
- excessive physical activity.
How can tides manifest
First of all, care must be taken to maintain the physical form and immunity. Hiking, sports, outdoor activities allow you to get rid of stress and depression during the menopause, train the heart and blood vessels, and normalize blood pressure.
Of great importance is clothing. Synthetic materials do not allow air to pass through, making heat more difficult. In addition, they do not absorb sweat, which contributes to the appearance of an unpleasant odor. In clothes made of natural materials, it is easier to tolerate changes in body temperature. If the climax is troubled by hot flashes, it is recommended to abandon warm woolen things with high and closed collars. Clothes should be sufficiently loose, preferably with a button closure or zipper front. It is desirable to dress so that you can easily remove some of the things.
It is recommended during the tides, if possible, to take a shower. This procedure will help wash away sweat, it helps to lower body temperature, and also has a relaxing effect on the nervous system.
Great value has a proper rest and a healthy sleep. It is not recommended to overeat at night , to watch television broadcasts of alarming content. It's easier to carry the tides, to maintain mental balance, help with yoga, respiratory gymnastics and other relaxing procedures.
Addition: During the tides with the sweat a lot of liquid is lost. Dehydration increases unpleasant symptoms, causes headache, dry mouth. To alleviate the condition with menopause, it is recommended to consume at least 2 liters of water per day. A bottle of water and a fan should always be at hand. This will help to transfer the unpleasant manifestations of tides more easily.
The importance of vitamins and nutrition during menopause
In the way a woman tolerates hot flushes with menopause and other symptoms, proper nutrition plays an important role. Food should be light and full. It is recommended to eat more fruits and vegetables, as they are rich in vitamins, contain fiber, which improves digestion.
Dairy products are an indispensable source of calcium needed to strengthen bone and dental tissue. Fish and seafood contain vitamin D , without which it is impossible to assimilate magnesium . This element is involved in the processes of regulation of the nervous system.
It is necessary to eat walnuts, rye bread and other products containing magnesium. This will help in the fight against insomnia and irritability. For normal work of the heart, potassium is needed (there are a lot of it in nuts, dried fruits, beans).
After consulting with a doctor, you can take complexes containing both essential minerals and vitamins, the lack of which worsens the well-being, aggravates the manifestations of menopause. Especially important for women after 45 years have such vitamins:
- E - stimulates the activity of the ovaries, the production of estrogens and progesterone. It is necessary to improve the condition of blood vessels, regulate blood pressure. Especially rich in this vitamin is brown rice, beans, potatoes, avocado, green peas.
- B1 and B6 - to relieve anxiety, improve sleep and mood. These vitamins are found in oatmeal and buckwheat groats, nuts, bananas, leafy vegetables, peas, avocados.
- D - for the assimilation of calcium and magnesium. The main sources are eggs, fatty fish, butter, cheese, fish caviar, milk.
- C - participates in the process of thermoregulation of the body. It is found in citrus, black currant, dogrose, tomatoes, apricots, Bulgarian pepper.
- A - is an antioxidant. It is necessary to strengthen immunity. Contained in the liver, butter, eggs, whole milk, as well as in carrots, pumpkin, green parsley.
Treatment for hot flashes, irritability and other manifestations of menopause
If minor ailments are not very disturbing, then it is recommended to take vitamins for preventive purposes . They are useful during menopause not only because they help get rid of hot flashes, but also strengthen the defenses of the body. Such remedies help to easily overcome stressful situations, fight depression.
Taking vitamins, you can slow down the aging process of the body, smooth out the manifestations of tides with menopause. They help to care for the skin, hair, keep healthy teeth. Pleasant appearance, a young look raise the mood, give an incentive to lead an active life. At the same time, psychoemotional loads and tides that appear during this period are easier to bear.
Use of hormone replacement therapy to relieve hot flashes
The hormonal changes that occur, fatigue and nervous tension, depression of the spirit contribute to the emergence of serious diseases of the mammary glands , cardiovascular disorders, persistent increase in blood pressure. As a result of frequent and prolonged tides and the accompanying exhaustion of the nervous system, the likelihood of such diseases increases.
In these cases, only a doctor can help. After the examination and clarification of the nature of abnormalities in the state of health, treatment with special preparations is prescribed. For this, hormone replacement therapy is used that affects the content of female sex hormones in the body. It is not always possible to apply this method of treatment. Before the appointment of substitution therapy for the relief of hot flashes, a blood test is performed, the general health of the patient is studied.
Such treatment does not apply if there are cancer (breast, uterus, skin), as well as vascular disease (thrombophlebitis, for example) or diseases associated with impaired immunity. HRT is not prescribed in the presence of pathologies in the liver, pancreas. Hormonal drugs are not used to treat hot flushes in menopause, if a woman has heavy bleeding associated with abnormal ovaries, endometrial diseases, uterine myoma. The method does not apply to severe abnormalities in the heart.
Such funds are used only on the prescription of a doctor, the condition of a woman is checked 1-2 times a year. The content of hormones in the blood is preset. Before the beginning of the use of hormonal drugs, mammography, ultrasound of the mammary glands and pelvic organs are performed, a cardiological examination is performed. Blood coagulability is checked.
Most drugs of HRT are used in the form of tablets or dragees (estroel, individual, klimonorm, ovestin, norkolut and others). For the treatment use the "Klimara" patch, which is pasted in the area of the spine or on the buttocks. Preparations are also produced in the form of gels (estrogel).
In some cases, if there are contraindications to the use of hormone therapy, the doctor prescribes antidepressants (efewelon, velaxin, adepress and others) to facilitate tidal flow. They reduce the frequency of attacks of fever and sweating due to exposure to blood vessels.
The use of phytohormones in menopause
Often, for the treatment of hot flashes, as well as women's diseases, drugs with phytohormones are used. These substances are of vegetable origin. They are not hormones, but act on the body like estrogens and progesterone. Such drugs are the most suitable for those women who do not dare to be treated with hormone therapy, knowing that synthetic hormonal drugs often lead to oncological diseases after 5 years of use. In addition, with climax they are suitable for patients for whom hormone replacement therapy is contraindicated.
Phytohormones, getting into the body, increase or decrease the activity of estrogens, depending on their content in the body. Phytoestrogens are found in plant products: red grapes, pomegranates, dates, carrots, apples, whole grains of wheat, rice, beans. For the manufacture of medicines, herbs are also used (red clover, sage).
The use of products or preparations containing phytoestrogens, can reduce the frequency and duration of hot flushes with menopause, reduce sweating. They have a calming effect, help to get rid of irritability. Such agents reduce pressure, favorably affect the cardiovascular system.
Warning: Do not forget that plants and medicines on their basis cause a strong allergic reaction. Therefore, treatment of tides with herbal preparations is not suitable for everyone. Before buying a medicine, you need to consult a doctor.
To soften the symptoms of menopause, non-hormonal agents based on herbal components are used, for example, the biologically active food additive ESTROVEL® capsules are a complex of phytoestrogens, vitamins and trace elements, the components of which act on the main manifestations of menopause.
Qi-Klim. The preparation contains the root of the rhodiola quadruple (red brush). This means you can restore the normal ratio of hormones, so that not only will the degree of manifestation of tides and other symptoms of menopause decrease, but immunity will also be strengthened. The drug has an anti-inflammatory effect, helps to lower the level of cholesterol in the blood.
Climadinone is a means of estrogen-like action. The composition includes an extract of a herbaceous plant tsimitsifugi (snake root). When it is used, the frequency and intensity of the tides decreases.
Ladys formula "Menopause" is a vitamin complex on a plant basis. It is made with the use of passion fruit extract. Contains vitamins E and a group of vitamins B, as well as mineral components: boron, magnesium and others.
Remens is a homeopathic remedy for restorative action. In the composition there are extract of tsimitsifugi, rhizome of sanguinaria, sepia (ink of cuttlefish), lachezis (snake venom). It is used to compensate for the deficiency of estrogen, to reduce the symptoms of menopause, including hot flashes.
Video: Treatment of tides with natural preparations
Folk remedies and ways to relieve tides
No less effective are infusions, decoctions and baths that help with hot flashes. The basis of them in most cases are the same compounds and herbal preparations as in pharmaceutical preparations.
Tea from the herb of sage
Fall asleep 1 tsp. dry grass in boiling water (about 2 cups), keep on a small fire for 1 minute. Tea is consumed thrice a day for 2 weeks. Decrease sweating, hot flushes will develop less often.
Infusion of oregano
Acts as a sedative. It is used to lower blood pressure, relieve nervous tension.
Herbal tea from chamomile and valerian
Mix 2 tbsp. l. dry chemist's daisy with 1 tbsp. l. chopped valerian roots. Pour 1/2 liter of boiling water. After a 3-hour infusion, strain. Drink half a glass twice a day before meals. Soothes the nervous system, improves overall health, reduces sweating.
Video: Folk remedies for the treatment of tides
Baths with sage infusion
During the tides, the following procedure is very helpful: as soon as a feeling of heat arises, it is necessary to put the legs in a basin with hot water. In this case, the hands must be lifted upwards. Body temperature quickly returns to normal due to the expansion of blood vessels and increased blood flow. The procedure helps to reduce pressure.
An effective way to relax the nervous system, eliminate anxiety, improve sleep, and reduce the frequency and duration of hot flashes is a bath with sage infusion (7 tablespoons herb per 1.5 liters of boiling water). After filtering, the infusion is added to the bath with water (temperature 37 ° -40 °). The duration of this procedure is 10-15 minutes. The bath is taken before bedtime.