Causes of yellow discharge before menstruation. When to see a doctor
The color and consistency of excretions appearing in women testify to the normal state of her reproductive health or to the disturbances in the work of the reproductive organs. Yellow discharge can be a sign of an inflammatory disease, an infectious infection. However, before worrying, a woman should evaluate her condition, paying attention to other symptoms. It is necessary to make laboratory tests to detect pathogens, determine their type and choose the correct method of treatment.
- Allocations in the absence of diseases
- Yellow discharge as a sign of pregnancy
- At what pathologies appear yellow excretions
- What to do if yellow excretions are detected
Allocations in the absence of diseases
Vaginal discharge appears in women before puberty. The mucous secret is produced by special glands of the cervix. The volume and nature of leucorrhoea regularly change as a result of hormonal processes associated with the work of the ovaries and other organs of the reproductive system. Normally, the secretions are translucent, whitish. At the beginning of the cycle, they are dense and meager. Closer to the middle of the cycle, the leucorrhoea liquefies, resembling egg white in consistency. After ovulation, they become more fluid and abundant, which facilitates the movement of spermatozoa and facilitates the process of fertilization of the oocyte.
Immediately before the menstruation, which appear, if conception does not occur, they become more lean and dense.
The body of each woman has its own characteristics. Factors such as physical development, the hormonal background, the state of the nervous system and many others, affect the functioning of the organs of the reproductive system. Therefore, individual deviations in the character of the leucorrhoea are quite possible. Yellow discharge before menstruation is normal, if they are pale, ungrowing, do not have an unpleasant odor, do not contain bloody impurities.
Normal whitens are uniform, do not cause burning or itching in the genital area and perineum. It is important that at the end of the menstrual period they become much less intense. Yellow color appears in the process of oxidation of secretions in the air, where bacteria begin to multiply in them.
Warning: Sometimes yellow discharge appears due to allergies to hygiene products and pads, as well as to the material from which the laundry is made. The odor does not have such a discharge, but there may be signs of skin irritation. After eliminating the contact with the allergen, the character of the leucorrhoea is restored normally.
The change in the type of usual secretions before menstruation can be due to the intake of certain medications, as well as contraceptives that alter the hormonal background.
Yellow discharge as a sign of pregnancy
If after conception ovulation occurred, during the first trimester hormone ratio is dominated by progesterone (pregnancy hormone). Vaginal discharge is similar to the egg protein, as in the 2nd half of the cycle, but is more intense. This promotes the advancement of the embryo into the uterus, where it attaches to its wall. In addition, mucus plays a protective role, preventing penetration into the uterus of infection.
After fertilization of the ovum, the woman experiences a delay in her period, which then comes, but is meager (have the character of a dark brown-yellow ointment). They are not menstruation, but "implantation bleeding," that is, whites, stained with droplets of blood, flowing from small vessels damaged during the embryo introduction into the mucous membrane of the uterus.
Menstrual like secretions appear in some women up to 3-4 months of pregnancy, misleading them. The cause of what is happening is the peculiarity of the hormonal rearrangement.
If a woman has yellow discharge that appeared at the end of the cycle, do not weaken, but intensify, there is a delay in menstruation, after which the discharge becomes brown, then a pregnancy test must be made.
At what pathologies appear yellow excretions
In pathological leucorrhoea, as a rule, there are characteristic signs. The appearance of yellow secretions is associated with the development of infection in the genitals, the onset of inflammatory processes.
Signs that the discharges appearing before menstruation are pathological can be considered:
- intense yellow color, presence of orange, brown, greenish shade;
- liquid consistency and high volume;
- unpleasant odor ;
- presence in them of foam, lumps, bloody veins;
- irritating effect on the mucous membrane of the vagina and vulva, as well as the skin of the perineum (presence of cuts, burning, itching);
- concomitant pain in the lower abdomen and lower back;
- possible increase in body temperature.
Pathological leukocytes continue to appear after the menstrual and subsequent days of the cycle, while their character remains unchanged. The reason for their occurrence is the development of microbes present in the body or an infection falling into it from the outside.
Inflammatory diseases associated with the development of opportunistic microflora
Violation of the vaginal environment, the death of lactobacilli leads to the reproduction in the genital organs of pathogenic microorganisms (streptococci, staphylococci). This is facilitated by the weakening of immunity, self-medication, the use of inappropriate hygienic means.
As a result, there is a condition such as vaginal dysbiosis. This is not a disease, but against its background there is an inflammatory process, which along the ascending path can spread to the internal sexual organs. In acute form, the dysbacteriosis of the vagina is manifested by abundant foul-smelling yellowish discharge. With chronic dysbiosis, they resemble "daub".
The cause of inflammation in the uterus and ovaries can also be the development of microbes in them, recorded during gynecological examination, abortions, labor, operations.
To diseases of this type are:
- Vaginitis (inflammation of the mucous membrane of the vagina).
- Cervicitis (inflammation of the cervix). This disease can provoke ulceration of the cervix and the appearance of erosion. A characteristic feature is the appearance in the yellow discharge of blood impurities after sex, gynecological examination.
- Endometritis (inflammatory process in the uterine cavity). Perhaps the appearance of a brownish-yellow ointment between menstruation.
- Salpingoophoritis (process in the fallopian tubes and ovaries).
The appearance of a yellow and greenish hue in whites is caused by the formation of pus, which mixes with mucus. As a rule, the allocation is abundant and characterized by an unpleasant odor. The spread of inflammation to the internal genital organs leads to a change in the structure of the tissues, formation of edema, scarring and adhesions, disruption of the functioning of the uterus and ovaries. This causes a hormonal malfunction , menstrual irregularities.
Infectious agents enter the body mainly during sexual intercourse. There is an impact not only on the sexual, but also on other organs, which leads to infertility, disability. The defeat of the urethra with such diseases leads to an increase in urges, the appearance of strong cuts and burning during the emptying of the bladder. Often there is an increase in temperature.
If the discharge appears before the menstruation, colored bright yellow, having a putrefactive smell, accompanied by severe itching and burning in the vagina, you can suspect the presence of the following diseases:
- trichomoniasis (secretions have a foamy consistency);
- Chlamydia (bright yellow mucous discharge with pus appears);
- Gonorrhea (secretions are greenish-yellow, may contain impurities of blood).
Infection with certain types of infection occurs not only through sexual intercourse, but also by everyday (for example, candida fungus can be infected in a bath). Appearance before monthly ample yellowish discharge with lumps that have a sour smell, can mean the presence of thrush.
Video: Normal and pathological discharge before menstruation and on other days of the cycle
What to do if yellow excretions are detected
First of all, it is necessary to pay attention to the volume and color of the yellow precipitates, their consistency and smell. You should compare their presence with the occurrence of other symptoms.
It is required to calculate on which day of the cycle unusual leucorrhoea appeared, how long they continue, whether they disappear after menstruation. If there are no anxiety symptoms, you should not worry, you should only follow the nature of the discharge throughout the cycle, wait for the next menstruation.
If there are yellow discharge, while there is a delay in menstruation , you need to make sure that there is no pregnancy or no pregnancy. If there is a connection between the appearance of yellow precipitates and the beginning of the use of new gaskets, hygienic care products or the wearing of synthetic laundry, it is necessary to exclude the effect of allergens.
It should be sober to assess the likelihood of infectious diseases and infection during sexual intercourse. It is necessary to carry out hygienic care for the reproductive organs with special care.
When yellow symptoms appear in any signs of pathology, it is necessary to visit a doctor to diagnose possible diseases, to prevent their transition to a chronic form. The reason for compulsory visits to a doctor should be the appearance along with yellow secretions of other signs of reproductive health. These include menstrual disorders and infertility.