The first signs of menopause in women
By the onset of menopause, women are treated differently. Some perceive it as the next stage of natural changes in the body. Others are afraid, expecting unknown signs of deterioration of health. There are also those who perceive it as the end of life. Such women even thought about the approach of this period lead up to a neuropsychic disorder. For menopause is characterized by a number of unpleasant symptoms associated with hormonal reorganization. Having discovered the symptoms of its onset, a woman can take timely measures to alleviate them.
- Periods of menopause
- Symptoms of climacteric changes in women
- How to determine the onset of menopause
- Symptoms of early menopause
- Causes of early menopause
- Prevention and treatment of early menopause
Periods of menopause
Menopause changes occur over several years.
Premenopause begins approximately in 40-45 years. In this case, the monthly ones come irregularly, all at longer intervals, become more scarce. The probability of pregnancy is significantly reduced.
Menopause is a period that is 12 months after the last menstruation.
Postmenopause means complete cessation of egg production in the ovaries.
Timing of the onset of menopause and its duration may be different, it depends on the characteristics of physiology, the number of pregnancies and abortions, psychological and other factors.
The earliest is considered the climax, which came before 40 years, late - after 55 years.
Symptoms of climacteric changes in women
The first signs of menopause in women are:
- Tides are a sudden change in the sensations of heat and chills. Tides are accompanied by weakness, attacks of dizziness and palpitations, migraines, sweating.
- Changes in appearance: the formation of wrinkles , dermal pigmentation , dry skin, deterioration of hair and tooth enamel, brittle nails.
- The emergence of diseases of the bone system associated with calcium deficiency in the body.
For the climacteric period, worsening of the cardiovascular system is characteristic. Therefore, such signs as increased blood pressure, headaches, heart rhythm disturbances, also often indicate the onset of climacteric changes.
All this is the result of age-related hormonal adjustment. In the body of a young woman, the main role is played by ovarian hormones (estrogen, progesterone), determining sexual activity and the ability to renew cells of various tissues. With menopause, the level of the so-called follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) rises, which lowers the level of estrogen. This causes aging of the body.
How to determine the onset of menopause
Knowing about the beginning of this period, a woman will be able to pay special attention to her health, undergo regular examination with a gynecologist and other specialists. This will help to avoid many serious diseases.
To determine the beginning of menopause, a special test for FSH is made. When it comes, there is a steady increase in the level of this hormone in the urine in comparison with the reproductive period, when it fluctuates at different times of the menstrual cycle.
If a woman still has menstruation, but signs of menopause have already appeared, then such a test is performed one of 6 days from the beginning of menstruation, then is repeated one more week. 2-3 tests for the content of FSH in the urine. If it is consistently high, this indicates the onset of climacteric changes.
If menstruation has already become irregular and rarely occurs, the first test is done on any given day, and the next one is done at intervals of 1 week.
Video: Hormonotherapy with menopause
Symptoms of early menopause
Sometimes the symptoms of such changes appear after 35 years. Deterioration of thermoregulation due to decreased functions of the hypothalamus causes the appearance of tides. The usual symptom typical for women with the early onset of menopause is the dryness of the vagina, which often causes inflammatory diseases of the genito-urinary organs.
The first symptom of early menopause is a decrease in sexual activity. Women experiencing this condition often have insomnia, as a result, irritability, bad mood, depression.
Causes of early menopause
One of the possible causes of climacteric changes in women 35-40 years may be the early onset of menstruation (up to 12 years). An important role is played by the heredity factor, as well as the way of life. Constant stress, emotional and physical overload, unhealthy ecology, the presence of bad habits accelerate the process of extinction of child-bearing abilities.
To accelerate the onset of menopause may also:
- use of oral contraceptives;
- long-term treatment with hormonal drugs;
- diseases of the thyroid, pancreas, genital organs;
- weakening of immunity;
- infectious and neoplastic diseases.
Video: Causes and Prevention of Early Menopause
Prevention and treatment of early menopause
Early onset of menopausal changes increases the risk of a woman's diabetes, osteoporosis, heart disease. The likelihood of tumors increases.
Recommendation: Early menopausal changes can be suspended if the first symptoms are noticed in time, to find the cause. It is recommended to undergo gynecological examination at least once every six months.
Of great importance for the prevention of early onset of menopause is the timely access to the doctor with the appearance of gynecological, endocrine diseases, a cautious approach to the use of hormonal drugs (particularly contraceptives). An important role is played by tempering the body, strengthening immunity, vitaminized nutrition, physical activity, regular sex.
When the first signs of an early menopause appear, a woman should consult a doctor, undergo a survey to find out the causes in time. If necessary, hormone therapy is prescribed, means for strengthening immunity, vitamins.