Hormones of happiness, joy and pleasure: what it is and how to raise them
People tend to experience a wide variety of feelings: love and dislike, joy, happiness and sadness. They arise in response to external factors. In the body, special substances are produced - hormones that regulate the course of biochemical reactions in its various departments and transfer of impulses to the centers of the brain. Each person has his own set of these substances that affect his health, mood and temperament. An important role is played by the so-called hormones of joy, responsible for positive emotions, which make people cheerful and energetic.
- What are hormones and neurotransmitters?
- Hormonal background and its features
- The organs in which hormones of happiness are produced
- What substances are considered hormones of joy and pleasure
- Adrenaline is an anti-stress hormone
- Norepinephrine is a hormone of rest and pacification
- The role of sex hormones
- Other hormones necessary to enhance feelings of joy and happiness
- How to increase the level of hormones of joy in the body and feel happiness
What are hormones and neurotransmitters?
Hormones and neurotransmitters are called biologically active substances that stimulate the work of various organs when exposed to cell receptors. Hormones are produced in the endocrine glands and circulate through the body through the blood vessels. They induce the cells of various tissues to produce chemicals necessary for the course of biochemical processes and the functioning of organs.
Neurotransmitters are produced in nerve cells. These substances transmit impulses directly to the brain, from which a response signal comes, causing the person to make certain movements, to think, to digest food and so on. There are biologically active substances of mixed type that manifest themselves in the body both as hormones and as neurotransmitters (eg, dopamine, norepinephrine).
Hormonal background and its features
A certain set of hormones is formed in the body, and their ratio in the norm is such that all organs work correctly and the person feels healthy. This does not mean that the combination of hormones should always be constant. The background within certain limits varies throughout life as it grows up, changes in physical and mental loads. The ratio of such substances depends on the sex of a person, his physiological state, age.
In men, the ratio is more stable. In women, in connection with the features of the functioning of the reproductive system and monthly fluctuations in the level of sex hormones, it is constantly changing. It is because of this that the fairer sex is more excitable, capricious, for them frequent mood swings are characteristic. Hormonal failure can lead to the appearance of tumor diseases, sexual disorders, pathologies of development, as well as depression.
The organs in which hormones of happiness are produced
The main center that regulates the production of hormones of joy and happiness in the body is the hypothalamus. According to his signal, hormones are produced in the pituitary gland, thyroid, parathyroid, pancreas, adrenal glands, as well as in the ovary in women and testicles in men.
Cells that produce hormonal substances are also in organs that are not related to the endocrine system, such as the liver, kidneys, placenta, gastrointestinal tract and others. So, for example, with a deficiency in the body of estrogens, they begin to produce fatty tissue. In pregnant women, the organ that produces hormones becomes the placenta.
What substances are considered hormones of joy and pleasure
There is a correlation between the production of various hormones and the mood of a person. His feelings and actions largely depend on how he slept, what he ate, with whom he communicated, that he learned a new one. Impressions received by him, are reflected in the brain. And here the signals regulating the production of the corresponding hormones are immediately produced. There is a reciprocal sense of pleasure or frustration, rest or angry indignation.
The main hormones of joy, satisfaction, pleasure and happiness are called:
Directly affect the behavior and mood of a person and substances such as adrenaline and norepinephrine.
Reduces the impact of negative factors.
This substance is produced in the pituitary gland at the moment when a person falls into a stressful situation. A sharp increase in the concentration of endorphin in the blood leads to a weakening of pain, easier to suffer a mental trauma, there are forces to overcome stress. Endorphin acts like opiates, bringing a person into a state of peace and happiness, mobilizing him, giving him a chance to think about the situation and make an adequate decision.
Improving the state of the nervous system has a positive effect on the work of the heart and blood vessels, helps to strengthen immunity. The level of endorphin in the blood increases dramatically in women in the last weeks of pregnancy. In this way the body prepares to overcome fear of childbirth and reduce pain. Endorphin "jumps" at the athletes during the competition. It is noticed that it is the surge of this hormone in soldiers that makes them bold and decisive during the battle.
Its resemblance to opiates plays, however, a negative role, since this substance like narcotics is addictive. If a person tries to artificially raise its content in the blood, takes special means for this, then the development of its own endorphin decreases. To receive pleasure and joyful emotions, an ever increasing dose of the drug is required. In addition, it is easy to overdose.
With a lack of a hormone of happiness, a person is apathetic, suffers from depression, is anxious. Overdose makes it aggressive, inadequate, makes unreasonable risk.
Hormone satisfaction and joy.
It is produced in the neurons of the brain and in the cells of the adrenal glands. Increasing its concentration occurs even at the time of planning something pleasant: a welcome meeting, an interesting trip or a very necessary purchase. The level of dopamine reaches its maximum when the result is achieved. It inspires him, forces him to set new goals and achieve them.
Due to the development of dopamine in humans, conditioned reflexes, food preferences are formed.
Thanks to a surge in the content of this substance in the body, a person experiences satisfaction and happiness when listening to his favorite music. He is happy if his favorite team won the football match. The level of dopamine rises sharply at the moment of sexual intimacy.
If the body lacks dopamine, people are inactive, indifferent to study, career growth, prone to depression.
However, exceeding its content in the body is far from safe. This substance increases the frequency of contractions of the heart muscle, raises blood pressure . Long-term excessive use of dopamine drugs can lead to schizophrenia (the occurrence of auditory and visual hallucinations).
Note: The level of dopamine in the blood increases significantly when using alcohol, nicotine and cocaine, which increase its production several times. That is why taking alcohol, smoking and using drugs makes it possible for a person to experience a temporary sense of joy and happiness, reinforced artificially. But the fact is that every time to get pleasure requires more of this "stimulant", and the abolition of its reception leads to the emergence of the syndrome of "breaking".
Hormone of happiness, antidepressant.
This substance affects the centers of the cerebral cortex, contributing to the emergence of optimism, a sense of happiness, euphoria, an ecstasy with their achievements. The centers responsible for memory, cognitive ability are also activated. The action of serotonin on the receptors of the spinal cord leads to improved coordination of movements, increased muscle tone.
The development of the substance in the body is intensified under the influence of ultraviolet rays, so in the autumn-winter period, when the days are shorter and the lighting is mostly artificial, people often experience seasonal depression.
As you know, there are synthetic drugs-antidepressants. Their action is based on an artificial increase in the content in the blood of hormones-neurotransmitters, such as dopamine, norepinephrine, serotonin. In the treatment of depression and neuroses they take a long time. In this case, the risk of side effects (the effects of hormonal substances on the heart, kidneys) is great. When they are misused, eye pressure increases, mental capacity worsens, and sexual disorders develop.
Video: How to increase the production of endorphin and serotonin in the body
Enhances the pleasure of communication and intimacy.
It is produced in the hypothalamus. Getting into the blood, spreading through the cells of the whole body. This hormone increases the attachment of a person to their loved ones, as well as the desire to feel "their" in the team. He likes the handshake of a friend whom he trusts. A child for happiness is necessary that his mother hugs him, strokes the back, head. Massage acts on him soothingly.
This substance plays a special role in the female body. Increasing the level stimulates the onset of contractions, as it increases the contractility of the uterus. Thanks to oxytocin, the mother experiences a feeling of reverence for her child born in torment, and he instantly calms down when he grasps the nipple and pulls out the first portions of the colostrum. So the mother hormone gets to him, there is mutual affection.
The content of oxytocin increases after stress. Therefore, feeling her guilt after quarrel with her beloved, the woman tries to restore relations, to feel the former closeness. Reconciliation calms her, gives new strength. She is happy.
Video: Oxytocin and its role in the body
Adrenaline is an anti-stress hormone
It is produced at the time of extreme danger. Thus the person is capable to mobilize instantly, to forget about a pain and fear, to risk for the sake of the rescue. His pulse is rapidly increasing, that is, blood circulation is accelerated. The pupils dilate, so he sees better, the hearing becomes aggravated.
Norepinephrine is a hormone of rest and pacification
It is formed from adrenaline and helps to lower blood pressure, reduce spasm and normalize breathing. A person calms down, and his mood improves. The formation of a hormone is facilitated by listening to quiet pleasant music, staying in nature, contemplating the sea landscape. The less norepinephrine, the more adrenaline and associated with its presence of anxiety.
The role of sex hormones
The most important role in the body is played by sex hormones estrogens and testosterone , due to which in men and women appear external distinctive signs. These substances are produced by people of both sexes. But in the female body, tens of times more estrogen, and in men - testosterone, which explains the characteristics of men's behavior, their physical endurance, sexual activity.
In women, estrogens are produced in the ovaries after the onset of puberty. If there are enough of them, the girl develops correctly, her breasts form, her hips grow. A beautiful figure, good hair and skin, a gentle voice give pleasure to any woman. Thanks to estrogen, it is sexually active, capable of childbearing, is of interest to men.
If estrogen is small, appearance worsens, there is a rapid aging of the body, there are menstrual disorders.
Wanting to prolong youth, enhance sexuality, some women take synthetic estrogens, risking their health. Hyperestrogenia causes infertility, the development of tumors of the genital organs and mammary glands.
The presence of a small amount of a male hormone in the body of a woman makes her independent, self-confident and unique. At the same time, a "strong" woman remains fragile, delicate and easily vulnerable.
There is an expression: "The world is ruled by men, men are women, and women are controlled by hormones." A loving man will take this into account and will be lenient towards small "female weaknesses". Excess testosterone leads to changes in appearance, voice and character in the male type, is a pathology requiring serious treatment.
Other hormones necessary to enhance feelings of joy and happiness
You can also name other substances of hormonal action that can enhance the feeling of pleasure and happiness:
- Vasopressin. He participates in the regulation of the water-salt balance, on which the condition of hair and skin directly depends, the presence of signs of external attractiveness and health pleasing to the eye.
- Acetylcholine. Promotes the development of creativity, intelligence and memory. Thanks to him, a person is able to rejoice and feel a sense of pride and happiness when he manages to cope with a difficult task. Helps maintain dignity, mental balance.
- Melatonin is a regulator of biological rhythm. Normalizes night sleep, helping to fully relax after a day's work.
- Somatotropin is a growth hormone. Increases the elasticity of the muscles, improves the condition of the joints, prolongs youth. It is important not to allow its overdose in the body, since this causes such a pathology as gigantism. With a hormone deficiency in a child, he can remain a dwarf.
Video: The X-Files. What factors influence the production of hormones of joy
How to increase the level of hormones of joy in the body and feel happiness
A lot of preparations containing synthetic hormones of happiness are produced. Sometimes it's simply impossible to do without them. For example, estrogen-based drugs help in the treatment of infertility, and also improve the quality of life, alleviating the symptoms of menopause.
However, one should never forget about the harmful effects of an overdose. There are much safer ways to increase the content of hormones of joy and happiness in the body and to get pleasure from life.
Meaning of proper nutrition
With food, substances that contain either hormones directly or substances that stimulate their production enter the body. Tasty and healthy food always improves mood. For example, to get rid of the autumn-winter depression, you must eat black chocolate , fruits (especially leaning on bananas, pineapples, apples), drinking coffee. They contain tryptophan - an indispensable amino acid, involved in the formation of serotonin, melatonin and other nutrients. Tryptophan is also found in products such as avocados, coconuts, figs, strawberries, beans.
To foods that need to be used to increase the content of hormones of joy in the body, also include tomatoes, kiwi, nuts, plums, eggs, meat, milk. Everyone knows how beneficial the mood of candy, baked, honey and other sweets.
Consoled with food, we must not forget that overeating is no less harmful than the lack of hormones of joy. A person who tries to suppress despondency with the help of sweets or cakes may develop obesity. The circle closes: the use of sweet improves mood, but spoils the figure, which adds stress and stress.
Perhaps this is the safest and most useful way to improve mood and achieve happiness. The vitality of the body and spirit are inextricably linked. It has long been known that if a feeling of anger and resentment bursts, it is useful to chop wood, to do capital cleaning or to load yourself with other work.
Long walks, physical exercises, jogging are an excellent way to escape distress. In addition, in the body during the stay under the sun , vitamin D is produced , which accelerates the synthesis of hormones of happiness.
The content of these substances in the body increases several times, which makes you feel better and cope with negative emotions.
Sleep - the best cure for all diseases, including from mental trauma. He gives strength, cardinally changes the mood for the better. It's not for nothing that "the morning is wiser than the evening". A person who is firmly asleep has a higher content of serotonin, melatonin and other hormones in the body, which are necessary for restoring strength.
Occupations favorite thing
Mental load, achievement of the set goals also require the body to intensify the production of dopamine and other hormonal substances. Getting moral (and material) satisfaction is no less important for a person than other joys of life.
Sex and Pregnancy
Sexual satisfaction, the explosion of positive emotions caused by intimate affinity, like nothing else, stimulates the development of substances necessary for the emergence of a sense of pleasure, happiness and love. The level of sex hormones, oxytocin, serotonin at this time is unusually high.
Nothing makes a woman so happy as a feeling of future motherhood. All experiences recede into the background. The main goal is to maintain your own health and peace of mind, which is necessary for the normal development of the baby. During this period there is a sharp change in the hormonal background, an increase in the production of substances necessary to maintain a positive attitude. Pregnancy and love for the child gives the woman such strengths that allow her to survive any sorrows.
In order to feel calmer, feel the joy of life and happiness, one must make maximum efforts to experience the love of loved ones, respect for others. It is necessary to set real goals and achieve them.